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Christopher Heaney                                

Academic Appointments

2016-present   Assistant Professor, Modern Latin American History, the Pennsylvania State University.

2016-2018   Barra Postdoctoral Fellow, the McNeil Center for Early American Studies, University of Pennsylvania.

2015    Assistant Instructor, Colonial Latin American History, Dept. of History, UT Austin.


2008-16   Doctoral Program, History, UT Austin. Dissertation: “The Pre-Columbian Exchange: the Circulation and Study of the Ancient Peruvian Dead in the Atlantic World and Americas, 1532-1948.” Committee: Jorge Cañizares Esguerra (Co-Chair), Seth Garfield (Co-Chair), Erika Bsumek, Charles Walker, Ann Fabian, and Alan Covey.

2003    B.A., Latin American Studies, Yale University.




Las Tumbas de Machu Picchu: La historia de Hiram Bingham y la Busqueda de las últimas ciudades de los Incas (Fondo Editorial de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, 2012 [Translation and revision of Cradle of Gold, below]).

Cradle of Gold: The Story of Hiram Bingham, a Real-Life Indiana Jones, and the Search for Machu Picchu (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010 [Paperback with new afterword, 2011]).

Journal Articles

“The Ingas of Inglatierra: English Grave-Opening in the Peruvian Atlantic and the Extirpation of Indigenous History, 1554-1622,” William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd ser., vol. 73, no. 4 (October, 2016).

“Crania Peruviana: American Phrenology and the Challenge of the Pre-Columbian Andes,” in preparation.

Chapters in Edited Volumes

“Seeing Like an Inca: Julio C. Tello, Indigenous Archaeology, and Pre-Columbian Trepanation in Peru,” in Ned Blackhawk and Isaiah Wilner, eds., Indigenous Visions: Rediscovering the World of Franz Boas, (forthcoming, 2016).

“Marrying Utopia: Richard Eden, Mary & Philip, and the English Alchemy of Spanish Peru,” in Jorge Cañizares Esguerra, ed., Entangled Histories of the Early Modern Iberian and British Empires (forthcoming, 2016).

Book Reviews

Review of Sherene Baugher and Richard F. Veit, The Archaeology of American Cemeteries and Gravemarkers (The University Press of Florida, 2014) in H-War (Forthcoming, 2016).

Review of Stefanie Gänger, Relics of the Past: The Collecting and Study of Pre-Columbian Antiquities in Peru and Chile, 1837-1911 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014) in Histórica (Lima) (Submitted, forthcoming, 2016).

Review of Barbara Fuchs, The Poetics of Piracy: Emulating Spain in English Literature (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2013) in Not Even Past (November, 2014).

Encyclopedia Entries

“Conquest of Peru,” Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History (Forthcoming, 2016).


Teaching and Research Interests

Latin American History, Colonial and Modern;  Iberian and British Empires;  Native American History, North and South;  History of Peru and the Andes;  Atlantic History;  Race in the Americas;  Early Modern Science and Indigenous Knowledge;  History of Anthropology and Archaeology;  Digital History;  Public History;  Writing History.


Other Writing

“Cómo fabricar una momia Inca,” Historia Global Online, 5 August 2016.

“How to Make an Inca Mummy,” The Recipes Project, 28 July 2016.

“Tales of the Inca Afterlife,” Smithsonian Journeys, Fall 2015.

“‘One of the Damnedest Trampling Matches You Ever Saw’: When Archaeologists Talk Trash,” The Appendix, Vol. 2, No. 1 (January, 2014).

“March”: Interview with Nate Powell and Andrew Aydin, The Appendix, Vol. 1, No. 4 (October, 2013).

“Lucha Libro: Unpublished Peruvian Writers in Mexican Wrestling Masks Are Saving Literature for the Rest of Us,” The Believer, May 2013.

Interview with Jackie Sibblies Drury: “The Reenactors,” The Appendix, Vol. 1, No. 2 (April 2013).

“Death of a Sailor: Chapter 2: The Hoaxers,” The Appendix, Vol. 1, No. 2 (April 2013).

“Days of Future Present: Marvel Comics and ‘the Most Intricate Fictional Narrative in the History of the World,’” The Appendix, Vol. 1, No. 1 (December 2012).

Interview with Adam Hochschild: “The Imaginary Cemetery,” The Appendix, Vol. 1, No. 1 (December 2012).

“Death of a Sailor: A Novel History of Murder in 1830s New York, War and Forbidden Love in the Age of Napoleon, and Captivity and Freedom in the Last Days of the Atlantic Slave Trade; in many, many Parts,” The Appendix, Vol. 1, No. 1 (December 2012).

“Afterlife,” The New Yorker, May 14, 2012.

“Stealing from the Incas,” Op-Ed, The New York Times, October 7, 2007.

“Bonesmen: Did Yale Plunder Peru?” The New Republic, October 23, 2006.

“Finders Keepers? After almost a century, Peru revives the drama of Hiram Bingham, 5,000 artifacts, and Machu Picchu” Legal Affairs, March/April 2006.


Fellowships, Grants, & Honors


2012-3 Fulbright-Hays Graduate Fellow, Lima, Peru (co-administered by Fulbright Commission of Peru the Institute of International Education and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation)

2012    Edilia and François-Auguste de Montêquin Fellowship, Society of Architectural Historians.

2012    Dissertation Research Fellow, Philadelphia Area Center for History of Science (PACHS).

2011    Smithsonian Predoctoral Fellowship, S.I. Archives, National Anthropological Archives, Washington, D.C. Advisor: Pamela Henson.

2011    Mellon Summer Institute in Spanish Paleography, Harry Ransom Center at UT Austin. Directed by Consuelo Varela.

2010    Social Science Research Council, Dissertation Proposal Development Fellowship. Advisors: Stuart W. Leslie, Carla Yanni.

2005-6 Fulbright Student Fellowship, Cusco, Lima, Peru, administered by Fulbright Commission of Peru and the Institute of International Education

2004    Latin America Collection Visiting Research Fellow, Sterling Memorial Library, Yale University.


2015    Summer Fellowship, UT Austin History Department.

2014-5 Jess Hay Endowment for Chancellor’s Graduate Research Fellow, Office of Graduate Studies, UT Austin.

2013    Lewis J. Gould Prize for best graduate seminar paper in U.S. history, “Crania Peruviana: Samuel George Morton and the Challenge of Pre-Columbian Skulls,” UT Austin History Department.

2009-10 Churchill Scholar, British Studies, Harry Ransom Center, UT Austin.

2008-15 Donald D. Harrington Graduate Fellowship and Recruitment Package, UT Austin (2008-2012, Fellowship; 2013-2015, TA-ship).

2003    Best Senior Essay, Latin American Studies, Yale University. “Hiram Bingham and the “Lost Treasures” of Machu Picchu: Popular Archaeology, Imagined Imperialism and National Press in the Yale Peruvian Expeditions.”


Invited Colloquia

2016    “The Pre-Columbian Exchange: Indigenous History and the History of Science,” The Transformation of Global History, 1963-1975, American Historical Association (AHA) Annual Meeting, Atlanta, Georgia, January 2016.

2015    “Crania Peruviana: American Phrenology and the Challenge of the Pre-Columbian Andes,” Phrenology, Anthropometry, and Craniology: Historical and Global Perspectives, Clarkson University, August 2015

2014    “Books of the Bravos: Spanish Manuals of Conquest in England Before Roanoke,” Entangled Histories of the Early Modern British and Iberian Empires and their Successor Republics, Austin, TX. Nov. 2014

2014    “The Appendix: Digital Publishing and the New ‘New Narrative History,’” Publishing History Digitally: New Formats, New Audiences, and New Challenges, AHA Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., January, 2014

2012    “Machu Picchu at 100: Hiram Bingham, Peruvian Archaeology, and the Afterlives of the Inka Dead,” Millsaps College Friday Forum: Archaeological Conquests of Peru and Mexico, Jackson, MI, February 2012.

2011    “Más Allá de Machu Picchu: La Expedición de Yale y Colaboración Arqueológica en el Perú entre Uhle y Tello (Beyond Machu Picchu: The Yale Expedition and Archaeological Collaboration in Peru between Uhle and Tello),” Descubriendo Machu Picchu, Bilioteca Nacional del Perú, Lima, June 2011.


Invited Talks

2015    “The Pre-Columbian Exchange; Syphilis, and the Global History of Indigenous Science,” History and Philosophy of Science Working Group, UT Austin, September 2015.

2012    Museo de Arqueología y Antropología de San Marcos, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru. “Más Allá de Machu Picchu: Las Expediciones de Hiram Bingham desde la perspectiva de Julio C. Tello.”

2012    Penn Cultural Heritage Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. “‘The Resurrectionists’: Machu Picchu, Early Twentieth Century Americanist Archaeology, and the Creation of Peruvian Cultural Patrimony Law.

2011    Program in Cultural Heritage and Preservation Studies, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ. “Hiram Bingham and the Kingdom of Lost Inca Skulls: Machu Picchu, Archaeological Repatriation, and the Ownership of Indigenous Remains in an International Context.”

2011    National Geographic Live! National Geographic Society, Washington, D.C. “Cradle of Gold: Hiram Bingham and the Revelation of Machu Picchu.”

2011    The Metropolitan Club, Washington, D.C. “Hiram Bingham and the Return of Machu Picchu’s Dead.”

2010    International Week, Rider College, Lawrenceville, N.J. Keynote Speaker, “Hiram Bingham, Machu Picchu, and the Responsibilities of Exchange.”

2010    Texas Book Festival, Austin, TX. “Cradle of Gold: Hiram Bingham and Machu Picchu.”

2010    Fulbright Commission, Lima, Peru. “Cradle of Gold: Hiram Bingham and Machu Picchu.”


Conference Papers

2016    “Huayna Capac’s Hand: Making Inca Mummies, and Making Mummies Inca, in the Early Modern Atlantic World, 1532-1749/La Mano de Huayna Capac: cómo momificar Incas, e incanizar momias, en el mundo atlántico 1532-1749,” 9th World Congress on Mummy Studies, Lima, Peru, 12 August 2016.

2016    “The Study and Circulation of Peruvian Mummies in the Atlantic World and Americas, 1790-1893,” 9th World Congress on Mummy Studies, Lima, Peru, 12 August 2016.

2015    “The Pre-Columbian Exchange; or Crosby, Syphilis, and Peruvian Trepanation, Revisited,” The Transformation of Global History, 1963-1975, Princeton University, 9-10 October 2015

2015    “From Malquis to Mummies: Balsam and the Preservation of Inka History,” The Southwest Seminar: Consortium on Colonial Latin America, Texas State University, San Marcos, October 2015.

2014    “Julio C. Tello and Indigenous Archaeology in Peru and North America,” Society for American Archaeology, Annual Meeting, Austin, TX, April. 2014     

2014    “The Mismeasure of (Peruvian) Man: The Collection of Pre-Columbian Crania and Mummies in the Americas, 1820-1920,” Fields of Inquiry Graduate Student Conference (co-funded by the Social Sciences Research Council), University of California at Berkeley. March, 2014.

2014    “Mummy Exodus: the North American collection of the pre-Columbian Andean dead, 1875-1929, and the Peruvian legal response,” AHA annual meeting, Washington, D.C., Jan, 2014.

2012    “Crania Peruviana: Samuel George Morton and the Challenge of Pre-Columbian Skulls.” Organization of American Historians (OAH) annual meeting, Milwaukee, WI, April 2012.

2011    “Grave Expectations: Sir Walter Raleigh and English Tomb-Raiding in the Early Modern Iberian Atlantic.” AHA annual meeting, Boston, MA, January 2011.

2010    “The Gold Eaters: Grave-Robbing, Treasure and the Law in 16th Century Peru,” Rocky Mountain Conference for Latin American Studies (RMCLAS) annual meeting, Boulder, CO. April, 2010.


Teaching Experience

2016    HIST 072:  Introduction to Latin American and Latino Studies, Dept. of History, University of Pennsylvania. Fall, 2016.

2015    HIS 346K: Latin American Civilization: The Colonial Experience, Dept. of History, UT Austin. Fall, 2015.

2015    Supplemental Instructor for Erika Bsumek, Building America: Engineering Society and Culture, 1868-1980, UT Austin. Spring, 2015.

2014    Supplemental Instructor for H.W. Brands, The Past, Present and Future of American Foreign Policy, UT Austin. Fall, 2014.

2014,   Teaching Assistant for Lina del Castillo, Modern Latin American History, UT Austin. Spring, 2014.

2013    Teaching Assistant for Erika Bsumek, Native American History, UT Austin. Fall, 2013.

2013    “The Other Other September 11th: Peru, the Shining Path, and a Mutated Latin American Left,” Guest Lecture for Julia Rahe, Modern Latin American History, UT Austin. November 2013.    

2013    “Ishi’s Brain: Anthropology, the ‘Vanishing’ Indian, and Indian Boarding Schools,” Guest Lecture for Erika Bsumek, Native American History, UT Austin. October 2013.

2013    “The Inca Empire and The Conquest of Peru,” Guest Lecture for Seth Garfield, Key Issues & Ideas in Latin America, UT Austin. September, 2013.

2012    “The Transmigration of Skulls: Peruvian Mummies and the Smithsonian,” Guest Lecture for Erika Bsumek, Native American History, UT Austin. February, 2012.


Digital Humanities

2015-   Co-Founder and Co-Editor, Backlist, a web publication for historian-curated lists of recommended introductions to particular historical topics. 

2012-   Co-Founder, Editor-in-Chief (2012-2014), Editor-At-Large (2014-present), The Appendix: A New Journal of Narrative and Experimental History [], an online quarterly of innovative historical writing, digital humanities, and historical debate.


Public History Service

2014    TX World History Textbook Reviewer, Texas Freedom Network, Austin, TX, Reviewed Proposed High School World History Textbooks in advance of their consideration for recommendation by the TX State Board of Education. Reviewed for signs of religious and economic bias in world history, as well as portrayals of pre-Columbian exchange, slavery, and indigenous history. June-September 2014.

2012    Presented Position Paper, “Support of the Renewal of a Memorandum of Understanding with the Republic of Peru Under the Convention on Cultural Property Implementation Act, with emphasis upon the Yale-Machu Picchu Dispute” for  meeting of the Cultural Property Advisory Committee of the Cultural Heritage Center of the U.S. Department of State, Washington, D.C. 18 January, 2012.


Professional Service

2014    Co-Organizer, Entangled Histories of the Early Modern British and Iberian Empires and their Successor Republics conference, UT Austin. November, 2014.

2014    Graduate Student Representative to Professorship Hiring Committee, History Department, UT Austin, January 2014.

2013    Discussion Leader, “Cultural Property and Reclamation,” Engaging Academia: A Spotlight on Public Scholarship (workshop), Office and Research and Graduate Studies, UT Austin. December 2013.

2012-3 Investigador Afiliado, Programa de Estudios Andinos, la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Lima.

2012    Judge, Texas History Day, Digital History, Lyndon Baines Johnson Museum, Austin, TX. May 4-5, 2012.

2011    Judge, Texas History Day, High School Individual Research Paper Division, Lyndon Baines Johnson Museum, Austin, TX. May 6-7, 2011.

2011    Judge, Central Texas History Day, Middle School Documentary Division, Lyndon Baines Johnson Museum, Austin, TX.  Feb. 19, 2011.

2010-1 Co-Chair, History Graduate Council, UT Austin.

2010    Investigador Afiliado, Instituto Riva-Agüero, la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Lima. Jun.-Jul. 2010.

2009-10 Co-Chair, Distinguished Speaker Series in Latin American History, UT Austin.

2009-   Member, American Historical Association. Council on Latin American History.

2005-6 Investigador Afiliado, Centro Bartolomé de las Casas, Cusco, Peru.



English: Native.

Spanish: Advanced Reading, Writing, and Good Speaking Abilities.

Portuguese: Reading Knowledge, some speaking.



2013    “The Appendix: Experimental Journal Showcases History of the Arcane,” Life & Letters, 24 May 2013.

2011    Interviewed by Ramona Koval on Cradle of Gold for The Book Show, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 21 July 2011.

2010    Interviewed by Diane Orson, “Yale Returns Machu Picchu Artifacts to Peru,” All Things Considered, National Public Radio, 15 December 2010.

2008    Guest for hour-long conversation on Hiram Bingham and Machu Picchu, On Point with Tom Ashbrook, National Public Radio, 9 May 2008.

2006-   Quoted source for articles on Yale-Machu Picchu dispute in The Christian Science Monitor, USA TODAY and the Yale Daily News.


Relevant Employment Experience

2011    Temporary Research Assistant for Professor Greg Grandin, New York University, March 2011.

2005-6 Research Assistant for Professors Gilbert Joseph and Patricia Pessar, Yale University.

2005    Oral History Facilitator, StoryCorps/Sound Portraits Productions, Brooklyn, NY, Feb-Aug. 2015.

2003-4             Reporter/Associate Editor, Latin America Advisor, The Inter-American Dialogue, Washington, DC.


Research Undertaken at Archives and Museums


·      Archivo del Museo Nacional de Arqueología, Antropología y Historia, Lima.

·      Archivo del Museo de Arqueologia y Antropologia, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (UNMSM), Lima.

·      Biblioteca de la Facultad de Medicina de San Fernando, UNMSM, Lima.

·      Archivo General de la Nación, Lima.

·      Archivo, Biblioteca Nacional, Lima.

·      Archivo de Luis E. Valcárcel, Instituto Nacional de Cultura, Lima.

·      Archivo del Instituto Riva-Agüero, Lima.

·      Archivo Regional de la Libertad, Trujillo.

·      Archivo Regional del Cusco, Cusco.

·      Archivo del Centro de Estudios Regionales Andinos Bartolomé de las Casas, Cusco.

·      Archivo del Museo Inka, Cusco.

·      Archivo Municipal del Cusco, Cusco.

United States

·      Smithsonian Institution (SI) Archives, Washington, D.C.

·      Archives of American Art, SI, Washington, D.C.

·      National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) Branch Library, SI, Washington, D.C.

·      Hrdlička Library, NMNH, Washington, D.C.

·      Physical Anthropology Collection, NMNH, Suitland, MD.

·      National Anthropological Archives, NMNH, Suitland, MD.

·      U.S. National Archives, College Park, MD.

·      Archives, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

·      National Geographic Society Archives, Washington, D.C.

·      Academy of Natural Sciences Archive, Philadelphia.

·      American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia.

·      College of Physicians of Philadelphia, Philadelphia.

·      Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

·      Library Company of Philadelphia, Philadelphia.

·      University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.

·      Physical Anthropology Collection, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

·      Princeton University Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton.

·      Rockefeller Archive Center, Sleepy Hollow.

·      American Museum of Natural History Archives, New York.

·      Manuscripts & Archives, Yale University, New Haven.

·      Harvard University Archives, Cambridge.

·      Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge.

·      Center for the History of Medicine Archives, Countway Library of Medicine, Harvard University, Boston.

·      American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, MA (at distance).

United Kingdom

·      Manuscripts and Archives, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh (at distance).

·      Royal Geographic Society Archives, London (at distance).

·      Essex Records Office, Essex.


·      Archivo General de Indias, Sevilla (at distance).